Studies suggest a connection between mental and physical effort: both require cognitive control. The reason such control is essential in demanding athletic training, they suggest, is that to maintain physical effort and reach a distant goal requires cognitive control.
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have learned that the effect of exercise may differ depending on the time of day it is performed. In mice they demonstrate that exercise in the morning results in an increased metabolic response in skeletal muscle, while exercise later in the day increases energy expenditure for an extended period of time.
Study highlights that uninterrupted sitting should be avoided to maintain optimal cognition across the day, and that moderate-intensity exercise such as a brisk walk should be encouraged for the daily maintenance of brain health.
Study shows that higher levels of vitamin D are associated with better exercise capacity.
Data indicates that 8 weeks of progressive plyometric training results in improvements in parameters of high-speed and low-speed muscular strength with no appreciable change in speed or agility. Additionally, the improvement in low-speed muscular strength observed from 8 weeks of progressive plyometric training was comparable to the results observed from 8 weeks of progressive strength training.
Researchers show that cardio training on an exercise bike causes three times as large an increase in the production of the hormone FGF21 than strength training with weights. FGF21 has a lot of positive effects on metabolism. FGF21's potential as a drug against diabetes, obesity and similar metabolic disorders is currently being tested.
Increasing strength and fitness may offset the adverse health consequences of spending a large proportion of leisure time sitting down and watching a screen.
Research shows that using the legs, particularly in weight-bearing exercise, sends signals to the brain that are vital for the production of healthy neural cells, essential for the brain and nervous system.
Short-term low carbohydrate, ketogenic diets reduce exercise performance in activities that are heavily dependent on anaerobic energy systems. These findings have clear performance implications for athletes, especially for high-intensity, short duration activities and sports.
Study concludes that the ‘repetitive microtrauma’ of professional football, regardless of significant injury, is likely to be the main cause of increased risk of knee osteoarthritis.
Research suggests even 10 minutes of aerobic activity can prime the parts of the brain that help us problem-solve and focus.
The principles that underlie athletic competition are in tension with each other: While fair play is essential, sports fundamentally celebrate inequalities and hierarchies. Performance-enhancing drugs have the potential to scramble those hierarchies, turning what has traditionally been a natural ordering into an artificial one.
Findings indicate that maximal strength benefits are obtained from the use of heavy loads while muscle hypertrophy can be equally achieved across a spectrum of loading ranges.
The Boxing Academies of Nilson Garrido adopt primitive training equipment that he developed himself during his years as a coach; plastic containers turned into punching bags, heavy rocks used for weightlifting and abdominal workouts, vehicle motor shafts for exercise bars, truck tires as weights for resistance training. “Start with the mirror and confront yourself first.” That’s when I realized that Mauricio’s phrases weren’t only about sport, but rather about training for life itself.
Resistance training can be used as an important tool to prevent degeneration and even restore tendon functions.
The rise of plant-based diets in the NBA follows a worldwide uptick in meat-free meals.
When humans simultaneously experience extremes of physical and mental exertion, our internal trade-off preserves cognitive function as the body's priority.
Young rats with access to a running wheel show improved memory later in life and increased activity of neurons generated in adulthood, finds a study.
Findings seem to confirm the long-held paradoxical belief that participating in combat sports can help reduce rates of violence, anger and aggression.
Physiological stress caused by a typical resistance training bout of 40 to 60 minutes can continue for several days post-exercise, as opposed to a full recovery within 24 hours following a typical endurance training bout.