Despite lacking a brain P. polycephalum possesses a form of spatial memory.
Bacteria recognize surfaces and respond to this mechanical stimulus within seconds.
Xanthomonas bacteria cause diseases in tomato and pepper plants and inject harmful proteins into plant cells.
In a new paper published in Nature Scientific Reports, BYU professor of microbiology and molecular biology Laura Bridgewater found that when female mice were exposed to stress, their gut microbiota -- the microorganisms vital to digestive and metabolic health -- changed to look like the mice had been eating a high-fat diet.
The gut microbiome regulates lipid uptake by hacking into the circadian clocks that are present in the cells that line the gut.
The amount of antimicrobials given to animals destined for human consumption is expected to rise by a staggering 52% and reach 200,000 tonnes by 2030 unless policies are implemented to limit their use, according to new research.
scientists have reported that our gut microbes and cells may respond to plant hormones and even produce similar molecules of their own.
Commonly used antibiotic drugs are making their way out into the environment, where they can harm microbes that are essential to a healthy environment.
The use of antibiotics in factory farms in Asia is set to more than double in just over a decade, with potentially damaging effects on antibiotic resistance around the world. Factory farming of poultry in Asia is also increasing the threat of bird flu spreading beyond the region.
The bacteria in our gut affect our energy metabolism, making it easier to break down carbohydrates, protein and fiber. They are also involved in inflammation and neurological function. So perhaps the microbiome could be relevant for applications in endurance, recovery and maybe even mental toughness.
Emotions may be partially driven by an unlikely source: our gut bacteria.
With increasing intensity and duration of exercise, there was a proportional increased risk of gut damage and impaired gut function. Specifically, the cells of the intestine are injured and the gut becomes more leaky, allowing pathogenic endotoxins normally present and isolated to the intestine to pass into the bloodstream. Exercise stress of 2 hours at 60% VO2max appeared to be the threshold whereby significant gut disturbances arise, irrespective of an individual's fitness status. Running and exercising in hot ambient temperatures appear to exacerbate the gut disturbances.
Study found that cool water removes the same amount of harmful bacteria as hot. Using cold water saves more energy than warm or hot water. Even washing for 10 seconds significantly removed bacteria from the hands.
Nearly 200 million cases of polio, measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, adenovirus, rabies and hepatitis A -- and approximately 450,000 deaths from these diseases -- were prevented in the U.S. alone between 1963 and 2015 by vaccination, researchers estimate.
Bacteria that cause respiratory infections are directly affected by air pollution -- increasing the potential for infection and changing the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment.
There is growing evidence of a microbial gut-brain axis in which bacteria can influence the brain, and vice versa.
The metabolites produced by the bacteria in the stomach chemically communicate with cells, including cells far beyond the colon, to dictate gene expression and health in its host.
Compared with sedentary behavior, low leisure-time physical activity was associated with a 10 percent lower risk of any suspected bacterial infection.
Bar soap sales are declining. What was once a staple of our daily ablutions is being eclipsed by fancy-pants body washes and other cleaning options.
We are more susceptible to infection at certain times of the day as our body clock affects the ability of viruses to replicate and spread between cells, suggests new research.