Repeated exposure to the acute effects of exercise may contribute to the fight against cancer. Exercise may play a role in inhibiting the growth of colon cancer cells. After an acute bout of HIIT there were specific increases in inflammation immediately after exercise, which are hypothesised to be involved in reducing the number of cancer cells.
The immune system can stop the growth of a cancerous tumor without actually killing it. The study's authors call the cancer-immune system stalemate equilibrium. During equilibrium, the immune system both decreases the cancer's drive to replicate and kills some of the cancerous cells, but not quickly enough to eliminate or shrink the tumor.
The gut microbiome regulates lipid uptake by hacking into the circadian clocks that are present in the cells that line the gut.
Ambient temperature affects individual states that shape emotional and behavioral reactions, so people help less in an uncomfortable environment, whatever the reason they come up with to justify why they cannot do.
The bacteria in our gut affect our energy metabolism, making it easier to break down carbohydrates, protein and fiber. They are also involved in inflammation and neurological function. So perhaps the microbiome could be relevant for applications in endurance, recovery and maybe even mental toughness.
Although moving from the balls of the feet is important for quickness, standing with heels planted allows more swinging force, according to a study, suggesting that aggression may have played a part in shaping our stance. Animals that are able to use their heels to plant their feet firmly to the ground, like bears, badgers and great apes, are able to deliver stronger blows to their opponents.
A study found that females were more vulnerable to certain stress-related and allergic diseases than males because of distinct differences found in mast cells, a type of white blood cell that's part of the immune system.
Long-term exposure to air pollution is linked to a greater incidence of high blood pressure, according to the largest study to investigate the effects of both air pollution and traffic noise by following over 41,000 people in five different countries for five to nine years. These associations can be seen in people living well below current European air pollution standards.
People exercising or working in very hot conditions may be able to carry and drink less water if they are able to keep it ice cold.
Even moderate alcohol consumption may change the structure of the heart in ways that increase the risk of atrial fibrillation.
Fidgeting while sitting can protect the arteries in legs and potentially help prevent arterial disease.
People who stopped exercising for only 10 days showed a decrease in brain blood flow in brain regions that are important for maintaining brain health.
A resort vacation provides a strong and immediate impact on molecular networks associated with stress and immune pathways, in addition to short- term improvements in well-being, as measured by feelings of vitality and distress.