We notice a voice much faster when it is considered threatening than when it is perceived as normal or happy. Our attention is more focused on threatening voices to enable us to clearly recognize the location of the potential threat.
Young men who, on the “Conformity to Masculine Norms” scale, more strongly endorsed the masculine ideal of “success and winning” (they agreed with statements like “In general, I will do anything to win”), tended to score higher on psychological wellbeing six months later.
Across the different types of aversive challenge, the strategies correlated with success were: thinking about the positive consequences of getting to the end (this was also the most popular strategy); monitoring one’s goal progress; thinking that the end is near (the second most popular strategy); and emotion regulation (e.g. trying to stay in a good mood). In contrast, distracting oneself from the aversive challenge was associated with less success – perhaps because distraction makes us more inclined to give in and do something more pleasant.
Research appearing in Social Psychological and Personality Science indicates that people react less strongly to malicious speech on digital platforms and see the victims as less "harmed" than if the words were said directly to a person.
Amplification bots spread both information and misinformation across Twitter's social network through retweets, and according to new research from Duo Security, these bots not only affect how content spreads but also how the information is perceived.
A growing body of evidence suggests that even when individuals are aware of research findings supported by a vast majority of studies, they often choose not to believe them. This trend affects American business and the workplace because managers are less likely to look to academic research for advice or apply empirically validated best practices. For example, they may fail to embrace the view that intelligence is the single best predictor of job performance, which has been widely proven through research.
Nice people may be at greater risk of bankruptcy and other financial hardships compared with their less agreeable peers, not because they are more cooperative, but because they don't value money as much, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. Not every agreeable person is at equal risk of experiencing financial hardship. The relationship was much stronger for lower-income individuals, who don't have the financial means to compensate for the detrimental impact of their agreeable personality.
Research published in Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience shows for the first time that the vaporized lavender compound linalool must be smelt -- not absorbed in the lungs- to exert its calming effects, which could be used to relieve preoperative stress and anxiety disorders.
Understanding what motivates good performance is crucial for managers to master. Here is a collection of stories from our archive that highlight Harvard Business School research on motivation.
Study suggests that humans switch off their automatic inclination to share in dealings with strangers. We humans, who learned long ago to instinctively be generous and fair to others, can quickly unlearn that cooperative behavior when encountering strangers if we know we won't benefit from our actions. our ingrained cooperative spirit is a remnant of our evolutionary past. When we lived in small groups, we knew every person in our social circle -- or someone who knew them -- and we never knew who we might need to help us. Over time, we automatized the decision to be kind out of self-interest.
Students from 35 nations estimated their countries were, in sum, responsible for 1,156.4 per cent of human history.
10 dispiriting findings that reveal the darker and less impressive aspects of human nature. It is arguably by acknowledging and understanding our shortcomings that we can more successfully overcome them and so cultivate the better angels of our nature.
Social media sites often present users with social exclusion information that may actually inhibit intelligent thought. The short-term effects of these posts create negative emotions in the users who read them, and may affect thought processes in ways that make users more susceptible to advertising messages.
When people engage in proactive help, they often don't have a clear understanding of recipients' problems and issues, thus they receive less gratitude for it. As for the person receiving the unrequested help, they begin to question their own competency and feel a threat to their workplace autonomy.
Tests reveal that people are skilled at identifying commonly displayed cues -- such as hesitations and hand gestures -- but these signs are produced more often when someone is telling the truth.
People significantly overestimate the costs of honest conversations. For purposes of the study, the researchers define honesty as "speaking in accordance with one's own beliefs, thoughts and feelings."
When speakers with a regional or foreign accent use a very confident voice, their statements are judged to be equally believable to native speakers of the language.
As industry and academia became more intertwined, conflicts of interest arose when professors formed companies or partnerships to patent or otherwise commercialize their discoveries.
Review authors found that psychological well-being influenced heart health through biological processes, health behaviors and psychosocial resources.
All dark traits can be traced back to the general tendency of placing one's own goals and interests over those of others even to the extent of taking pleasure in hurting other's -- along with a host of beliefs that serve as justifications and thus prevent feelings of guilt, shame, or the like.